Welwyn and Willian


These are two villages in Hertfordshire. Welwyn /ˈwɛlɪn/ is better known these days for Welwyn Garden City, founded by Ebenezer Howard, but somewhat later than Letchworth Garden City (the world’s first garden city), and which is situated a couple of miles away from the old Welwyn village. Willian /ˈwɪlɪən/ is in fact one of the three villages that make up Letchworth GC, the other two being Norton, and Letchworth itself.

Both names are derived, according to the English Place Name Society’s volume on Hertfordshire (1938), from the Anglo-Saxon word for “willow”, which occurs in the forms welig and wylig. The first of these gave rise to Welwyn, and the second to Willian (both come from the dative case of the word, so that its meaning is literally “at (or to) the willows”). Presumably welig and wylig are the forms in different dialects of Anglo-Saxon. The two villages are only about 10-15 miles apart, and yet seem to be on opposite sides of an isogloss. Is there anyone out there who can confirm the two dialects for me?

In case anyone has seen it, the recent movie “The World’s End” was shot mostly in Letchworth Garden City and Welwyn Garden City. Ironically, the film tells the story of a pub crawl, and Letchworth GC was the world’s original town with no pub: the first licensed premises in the town did  not open until 1961, the town having been established in 1903 (Letchworth is also the site of Europe’s first roundabout – ca 1909 – it appears in the film).



  1. There’s also a Brazillian footballer named Willian who plays for Chelsea. Anglophone commentators seem to pronounce his name the same as your pronunciation of the village. I have no idea where his name comes from, but my best guess would be an orthographical variant on “William”.

  2. The link in my last post didn’t come out right. Here is the correct link.

  3. dw – I think you must be right about the orthographical variant. Spanish has no final /-m/ (in Latin prayers, Jesum Christum Dominum nostrum comes out with final /-n/ in each word, often realised as [ŋ]). Final orthographic ‘m’ in Portuguese leads to nasalization of the preceding vowel, as does final ‘n’, so it would not be surprising if Brazilians confused the two. Interestingly, the Penguin edition of the Domesday Book, which is based on the Alecto translation, has no entry in the index for Willian, but has one for “William”, which, surprise, surprise, takes you to the village in Hertfordshire, which it also mis-spells as “William”.

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